Between 1936 and 1939 Spain was undergoing a civil war, instigated by a coup d’état. The coup was guided in July of 1936 by the general Francisco Franco. For a long three years the wat continued, until Franco and the fascist party won the war in 1939. The reason why Franco was victorious was mainly due to fascist help from his companions Mussolini and Hitler over the years.
Franco became the dictator of Spain, where he lasted 40 years, until 1975. He created a strong ideology in the society where the main purpose was to form a strong division between victors and vanquished. The vanquished were to be seen as “anti-españa”. This feeling of hatred became so strong within Spain that families and friends were divided for ever.
The 4-decade dictatorship finalised with the passing of the general Francisco Franco in 1975. From this moment onwards there was a smooth political transition from dictatorship to a democracy.
Celebrating Freedom in Andalucía, Spain
Danielle Ernstsen | 6th December 2023